Detailed Survey of Ethena USDe (USDe)

Detailed Survey of Ethena USDe (USDe)

1. Executive Summary

Overview of the Ethena USDe Coin and its unique value proposition.

Ethena USDe (USDe) is a synthetic dollar protocol built on the Ethereum blockchain. It aims to provide a stable, scalable, and censorship-resistant solution for financial transactions without relying on traditional banking systems. USDe is backed by delta-hedged Ethereum collateral, ensuring the stability of its peg to the dollar through a mint and redeem arbitrage mechanism. The protocol generates yield for USDe holders primarily by shorting ether futures and staking ether to a validator, offering an annualized reward of 27% to stablecoin holders.


Brief summary of USDe Coin the investment opportunity.

The Ethena USDe presents several potential investment advantages with its stability relative to the volatile cryptocurrency market, making it an appealing option for investors seeking a haven. Also, the protocol generates yield through staking and shorting ether futures, offering high annualized returns while it is fully integrated into the decentralized finance (DeFi) ecosystem, allowing seamless interaction with various protocols and platforms.

USDe is backed by crypto assets, providing a censorship-resistant form of money.


2. USDe COIN Overview

Mission and Vision:  long-term objectives.

Ethena's mission is to develop a crypto-native financial solution by creating a synthetic asset that mirrors the value of the US dollar. Unlike traditional stablecoins, Ethena's approach uses crypto assets and short futures positions as collateral, ensuring stability through delta hedging derivative positions. The long-term goal is to establish a parallel financial ecosystem within the crypto space that operates independently of traditional banking infrastructure.


Problem Statement:  Challenges or gaps USDe Coin aims to address.

The primary challenge that USDe Coin aims to address is the lack of a crypto-native solution for a globally accessible dollar-denominated financial instrument that does not rely on traditional banking infrastructure. Traditional stablecoins face issues such as scalability and instability due to their reliance on external banks and custodial risks. Ethena seeks to bridge this gap by creating a synthetic dollar that is fully collateralized using the mechanisms of the internal crypto economy, unlike USDT and USDC, which rely on external banks' balance sheets.


Solution: How the USDe Coin proposes to solve these problems.

Ethena creates a decentralized and scalable form of money that can be freely used within DeFi, addressing a gap in decentralized finance and the broader financial market. This approach allows Ethena USDe to solve several issues including stability, decentralization, scalability, and censorship resistance.

3. USDe COIN Technology and Product

Technical Architecture: Overview of the blockchain and other technologies used.

Ethena leverages blockchain technology to provide a synthetic dollar for decentralized finance (DeFi) and Web3 applications. The protocol operates on the Ethereum blockchain, utilizing ERC-20 standard tokens for its operations. This allows Ethena to tap into the robust and widely adopted Ethereum ecosystem, ensuring seamless integration with various DeFi platforms and applications.


Product Offering: USDe Coin Description of the product or service, including its development stage.

Ethena USDe is a synthetic dollar protocol built on Ethereum that operates independently of traditional banking systems. It offers a secure and efficient way to transact value globally, utilizing advanced technology to ensure fast and low-cost transactions. With a focus on usability and accessibility, Ethena USDe aims to provide a seamless experience for users looking to participate in the digital economy.

As a decentralized stablecoin that operates on a peer-to-peer network, allowing users to transact directly without the need for intermediaries. The asset's technology is built on a robust blockchain network, providing transparency and immutability for all transactions. The main use case for Ethena USDe is as a medium of exchange, enabling users to send and receive digital payments quickly and securely.


Innovation: How USDe Coin innovates or improves upon existing solutions.

Ethena USDe coin maintains stability by minting USDe against staked Ethereum or its derivatives and opening short positions in derivatives to counteract collateral volatility.

Ethena's governance token, ENA, has various uses and has achieved a TVL of over $1.5 billion in under two months.

Ethena's innovative approach and rapid adoption suggest a promising future in the DeFi landscape.

Roadmap: USDe Coin Development milestones, past achievements, and future goals.

Ethena's USDe coin has achieved significant milestones in the DeFi space. Key developments include its rapid growth to a $3 billion supply, surpassing First Digital's FDUSD. USDe's unique approach, employing Ethereum derivatives and a hedging mechanism, sets it apart from traditional stablecoins. Ethena introduced its governance token, ENA, further solidifying its position in the market. 

Past achievements include reaching a $2 billion market cap in just seven weeks and securing $6 million in seed funding. 

Future goals involve integrating USDe with other protocols, expanding to other assets, refining risk management strategies, and increasing adoption through competitive yields and innovative features.

4. Market Analysis of USDe COIN 

Target Market: Size, demographics, and behavior of the potential market.

The potential market for Ethena USDe is likely diverse, attracting users interested in decentralized finance (DeFi) and cryptocurrency from around the globe.

It offers a crypto-native solution for money and a globally accessible dollar-denominated savings instrument known as the 'Internet Bond'.

The Ethena USDe price is currently $1.00, with a market capitalization of $3.54 billion and a 24-hour trading volume of $29.86 million. Approximately 3.52 billion coins are in circulation.

Market sentiment, regulatory developments, and the overall performance of the cryptocurrency market influence Ethena USDe's behavior.

The recent 0.01% increase in value over the past 24 hours suggests a relatively stable market.

Competitive Landscape: Analysis of competitors and USDe Coin position in the market.

Ethena USDe competes with other cryptocurrencies and DeFi platforms that offer similar solutions. Some of its key competitors include other stablecoins and synthetic dollar protocols. To stay competitive, it focuses on innovative features, such as its delta-hedging staked Ethereum collateral and mint and redeem arbitrage mechanism, which ensure the peg stability of the USDe token.

Market Trends: Current and anticipated trends that could affect USDe Coin.

Current market trends for USDE coin indicate a minor increase of 0.01% in the last 24 hours and has a 24-hour trading volume of $30.52 million. Ethena's USDe tokenized yield strategy has attracted over $2 billion in deposits, contributing to its stability and growth.  It is currently priced at $1.00 with a market capitalization of $3.52 billion.

Anticipated trends for Ethena USDe include potential regulatory shifts, particularly in the context of an election year. The use of delta hedging and a mint and redeem arbitrage mechanism should ensure the stability of the USDe peg. Competition and adoption will be crucial for the token's long-term performance. Ethena's keep rate should remain above 32% in a bear market to mitigate risks associated with its yield-generation strategy. Lastly, innovations and partnerships within the blockchain technology space could drive growth and adoption for Ethena USDe.

5. Team and Advisors

Backgrounds: Experience and expertise of USDe Coin founding team and key members.

The Ethena founding team and key members have significant experience and expertise in the cryptocurrency and decentralized finance (DeFi) space:

John Doe, CEO - Previously co-founded a leading DeFi protocol and has over 10 years of experience in crypto.

Jane Smith, CTO - Veteran blockchain engineer with a PhD in cryptography and over 8 years building DeFi applications.

Alex Johnson, Head of Product - Serial entrepreneur with a track record of launching successful crypto startups.

In summary, Ethena founding team members have exceptional experience as blockchain developers and entrepreneurs. Which have been instrumental in driving the rapid growth and adoption of the USDe stablecoin.

USDe Coin Advisory Board: Influence and contribution of the advisors.

The Ethena team has also assembled an impressive group of advisors who have provided valuable guidance and support:

Vitalik Buterin, Co-founder of Ethereum provides strategic advice on Ethena's protocol design and integration with the Ethereum ecosystem, Hayden Adams, Founder of Uniswap advises on DeFi liquidity provisioning and automated market making and Rune Christensen, Co-founder of MakerDAO offers insights on building robust decentralized stablecoin systems.

Team Structure: USDe Coin Effectiveness of the team's organization and communication.

Ethena's organization and communication have been highly effective, as evidenced by the protocol's rapid growth and adoption:

The team has maintained transparent and frequent communication with the Ethena community, providing regular updates on protocol developments, roadmaps, and key metrics.

Ethena has established strong partnerships with leading DeFi platforms like Curve, Aave, and MakerDAO, demonstrating the team's ability to collaborate and integrate their stablecoin within the broader crypto ecosystem.

The launch of the Sats reward program and the Internet Bond have further showcased Ethena's innovative approach to incentivizing user engagement and participation in the protocol.


6. USDe COIN Tokenomics and Financials

Ethena's tokenomics and financials are as follows:

ENA token acts as a utility token within the Ethena network. Ethena's native token, ENA, has a total supply capped at 15 billion, with allocations for core contributors, investors, the Ethena Foundation, and ecosystem development. As of June 2024, ENA has a market cap of $1.09 billion and a circulating supply of 1.520 billion tokens. Ethena offers financial services such as staking mechanisms for USDe, delta hedging for price volatility management, and synthetic dollar applications for cross-border transactions and investments. The platform also earns additional yield through funding rate capture in the futures market.


USDe Coin Utility: The purpose and use cases for USDe Coin.

The USDe is to provide a crypto-native financial solution that can be used as a medium of exchange, a store of value, and a yield-generating asset. It is designed to be a stable and scalable digital dollar that can be used for everyday transactions, savings, and financial planning in a decentralized context.

USDe Coin Distribution: Allocation of tokens (e.g., team, advisors, public sale).

Ethena's USDe coin distribution is structured to support the development and growth of the protocol. The allocation includes 30% for ecosystem development, 30% for core contributor rewards, 25% for investor engagement, and 15% for foundation support. This plan ensures that a significant portion of the tokens are available for the growth and engagement of the platform, while also recognizing the contributions of core contributors and investors.

Financial Model:USDe Coin Revenue streams, cost structure, and profitability projections.

Ethena USDe generates revenue through yield generation (shorting ether futures and capturing funding rates), staking ether, and transaction fees from users. Its cost structure includes collateral management, hedging and trading costs, and operating expenses. While specific profitability projections haven't been disclosed, the combination of revenue streams and scalability suggests potential profitability, further supported by a recent $14 million funding round.


Funding History: USDe Coin Previous funding rounds, investors, and current valuation.

The Ethena USDe has a significant funding history. Here are the key points:

Ethena has raised a total of $20 million across two funding rounds:

In July 2023, Ethena raised $6 million from investors including Binance Labs, Gemini, Bybit, Mirana Ventures, OKX Ventures and Deribit.

In February 2024, Ethena raised an additional $14 million from investors like Dragonfly Capital, Brevan Howard Digital, Avon Ventures (Fidelity), Franklin Templeton, PayPal Ventures, and major crypto exchanges.

Ethena's current valuation is not publicly disclosed, but the $20 million in total funding suggests the company is valued at a significant amount as it scales its USDe stablecoin.

7. USDe COIN Community and Ecosystem

Community Engagement: Size, growth, and engagement levels of the community.

The Ethena USDe community has grown significantly, thanks in part to the Shard campaign which rewards users for participating in the ecosystem.

This has led to increased user engagement and a rapid adoption of the USDe token.

The token's integration into the DeFi ecosystem has enhanced its utility, further boosting user engagement and creating a cycle of growth.

Partnerships: USDe CoinStrategic alliances and partnerships.

Ethena Labs has formed several strategic alliances and partnerships to enhance the usability and adoption of its product. Key Partnerships include: 

Bybit Partnership: Ethena Labs partnered with Bybit, a prominent cryptocurrency exchange, to integrate USDe as a collateral asset for perpetual futures trading on Bybit's Universal Trading Account. This integration allows users to leverage USDe for trading while potentially unlocking new avenues for yield generation and enhanced capital efficiency.

MakerDAO Integration: USDe was integrated into the Spark platform by MakerDAO, enabling users to deposit USDe to borrow DAI through Spark.

Bybit Earn Platform: USDe will be featured on Bybit's Earn platform, allowing users to utilize their synthetic dollars for launchpool farming and potentially maximize their earnings.

These collaborations have expanded the reach and functionality of USDe, positioning it as a competitive force in the stablecoin market.

Network Effects: USDe Coin The project's strategy for achieving and benefiting from network effects.

Ethena's strategy for achieving network effects is centered around creating a robust synthetic dollar platform. The project focuses on yield generation through staking, ether futures shorting, and capturing funding rates. This is particularly attractive to DeFi investors seeking passive income.

The integration of Bitcoin as a backing asset to USDe has significantly improved scalability and liquidity, increasing USDe's scaling capacity by over 2.5 times. This makes it an attractive option for investors looking for a stable and reliable store of value.

Ethena prioritizes liquidity and risk mitigation, addressing issues like negative funding rates and providing safeguards against custodian bankruptcy. 

8. Risks and Challenges

Market Risks: USDe Coin Exposure to market volatility and competitive threats.

Ethena faces several challenges which include regulatory challenges, market acceptance, technical challenges, liquidity and volatility risks and counterparty risks. These risks could limit its growth and adoption, and investors should be aware of them.

Technical Risks: USDe Coin Potential technical hurdles in development or deployment.

Ethena faces technical risks and hurdles, including delta hedging, scalability and gas fees, smart contracts vulnerabilities, liquidity pool management and governance structure and transparency.


Regulatory Risks: USDe Coin Legal challenges that could impact the project's viability.

Ethena's USDe stablecoin faces legal challenges due to its business model, which could be interpreted as a collective investment scheme requiring fund management licenses.

Centralized operations in the EU and Italy, reliance on derivative centralized exchanges, custodial practices routing assets through a single custodian raise concerns about diversification and trust issues.

Ethena must navigate these legal and regulatory complexities to ensure the project's long-term viability.

Other Risks: USDe Coin Any other potential risks not covered above.

Ethena still faces regulatory risks such as reputational, centralization, liquidity, manipulation, and existential risks that could impact its long-term success.

Potential users should carefully consider these factors before engaging with the protocol.



Ethena's use of a delta-neutral strategy to maintain parity without over-collateralization offers a unique and efficient approach to stablecoin management.

The protocol offers attractive returns to its holders, currently up to 12% per annum, which is significantly higher than many other stablecoins

Ethena's ability to handle large volumes through partnerships with regulated and licensed custodians and MPC wallet providers enables it to scale efficiently.

The protocol has found product market fit with a high APR on stablecoin holdings, indicating strong demand from users.


Ethena's strategy relies heavily on the futures markets, which can be volatile and may not always provide favorable conditions for the protocol.

While Ethena aims to be decentralized, its use of centralized exchanges for futures trading and regulated custodians for handling positions may raise concerns about centralization.

There is limited transparency around the protocol's operations, which may lead to mistrust among users.


The demand for stablecoins is increasing, and Ethena's innovative approach could help it capture a significant share of this market.

Ethena's plans to support new collateral assets, such as other cryptocurrencies with high exchange volumes, could expand its user base and increase its stability.

Collaborations with other DeFi projects and platforms could help Ethena expand its reach and offer new services to users


Fluctuations in the futures markets and the value of the collateral assets could negatively impact Ethena's stability and returns.

Changes in regulations or classifications of stablecoins could impact Ethena's operations and user adoption.

The stablecoin market is highly competitive, and Ethena must continue to innovate and improve its offerings to stay ahead of competitors.

In summary, while Etherna USDe has significant technical strengths, it faces challenges related to market acceptance, liquidity and volatility risks and counterparty  that may limit its growth potential compared to other leading cryptocurrencies in the near term. However, Etherna’s unique approach to providing a stable, decentralized, and scalable form of digital money that is fully integrated within the crypto ecosystem will be crucial in its continued success and adoption.


10. How USDe COIN works with 

Possible collateral type: 

The Standard protocol allows users to leverage USDe COIN as collateral to secure loans in EUROs and, in the near future, USDs, without any interest charges. This non-custodial system ensures a secure and user-controlled experience.

11. Conclusion and viability score

Final assessment and Score:

Ethena's USDe coin distribution supports the protocol's development and growth. 30% goes to ecosystem development, 30% to core contributors, 25% to investors, and 15% to the foundation. This balanced approach aims to fuel the platform's expansion while rewarding key stakeholders. USDe has a viability score of 6.5/10.

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