The Ultimate Due Diligence Report on LDO Token (Lido DAO (LDO)

The Ultimate Due Diligence Report on LDO Token (Lido DAO (LDO)

1. Executive Summary

Overview of the LDO token and its unique value proposition

The LDO token is the governance token of the Lido DAO, providing decentralized decision-making within the DAO.

It was minted in the amount of 1 billion, with only 31% currently in circulation. LDO holders are members of the Lido DAO, enabling them to propose and vote for protocol changes based on the number of LDO tokens held in their voting contract.  The token's primary purpose is to offer decentralized governance, allowing holders to participate in the direction and growth of the Lido DAO through voting on improvement proposals, upgrades, and network parameters. LDO holders have voting power proportional to the amount of LDO they hold, emphasizing a democratic decision-making process within the DAO.

Brief summary of LDO investment opportunity

Lido DAO (LDO) is a governance token for the Lido staking platform, enabling users to keep staked funds liquid and participate in other protocols while earning a yield. Its price has been volatile, with past performance not guaranteeing future returns. Analysts' predictions for LDO in 2025 range from $4.82 (DigitalCoinPrice) to $10.01 (AMB Crypto), while some forecast a rise to $38.97 by 2025 ( However, cryptocurrency investments carry significant risk and should only be considered if you can afford potential losses and have a high tolerance for volatility.

2. LDO TOKEN Overview

Mission and Vision: LDO TOKEN long-term objectives.

Lido DAO's mission is to simplify staking and keep Ethereum decentralized, accessible, and resistant to censorship, aiming to make staking simple, secure, and decentralized. The Lido liquid staking protocol enables users to stake their assets and maintain liquidity through the use of stand-in stTokens, which can be utilized in DeFi applications.

*LDO TOKEN long-term objectives.

The long-term objectives of the LDO token involve evolving its significance over time within a dual governance model. To maintain LDO's appeal as a governance token, discussions are ongoing about introducing profit-sharing mechanisms to ensure continued value. Additionally, integrating node operators more actively into the governance process is proposed to enhance engagement and participation. The aim is to expand the token holder base, align parties, and diversify voices within the governance structure. These steps are part of a broader strategy to enhance governance efficiency, attract more voters, and ensure the sustainability and growth of the Lido protocol.

Problem Statement: Challenges or gaps LDO TOKEN aims to address.

Lido DAO (LDO) token aims to address challenges and gaps in the liquid staking protocol, particularly in the Ethereum 2.0 network. The Lido DAO network provides a liquid staking solution, enabling users to access the locked value of staked tokens.

The Lido DAO governance system is designed to simplify staking while remaining decentralized and accessible to a wide user base. It is governed by an independent Lido DAO community using the platform’s native LDO token.

Solution: How the LDO TOKEN proposes to solve these problems.

The LDO token proposes to address key challenges by introducing a staking module and buyback program to enhance utility and value accrual for token holders. The proposal aims to redirect a portion of Lido DAO revenue to stakers, distribute revenue in $LDO tokens weekly, and establish a minimum size for the Lido insurance fund. By implementing these mechanisms, the proposal seeks to align protocol incentives, provide a revenue-sharing model, and ensure an insurance buffer to cover potential losses. Additionally, the proposal suggests a dual governance approach to mitigate risks and align incentives between LDO holders and stakers across different chains.

3. LDO TOKEN Technology and Product

Technical Architecture: Overview of the blockchain and other technologies used.

The LDO token operates within the Lido ecosystem, serving as a governance token for the Lido DAO. LDO holders have voting rights within the DAO, enabling them to propose and vote on protocol changes. The token is minted in a total supply of 1 billion, with only a portion currently in circulation. LDO is utilized to manage fee parameters, distribution, and the addition/removal of Lido node operators. The Lido DAO treasury holds a significant portion of LDO tokens to fund operations and future growth. Additionally, LDO is used by the Lido Ecosystem Grants Organization (LEGO) to finance development projects that enhance the Lido ecosystem and blockchain space.

LDO TOKEN Product Offering: Description of the product or service, including its development stage.

The LDO token is the native token of the Lido ecosystem, serving as the governance token for the Lido DAO. It provides holders with voting rights proportional to the number of tokens held, allowing them to influence decisions within the protocol. LDO holders can participate in voting on protocol parameters and govern the Lido DAO treasury. The token is based on the ERC-20 standard, with a total supply of 1,000,000,000 LDO and a circulating supply of 28,412,180 LDO. The distribution of LDO tokens includes allocations to the DAO treasury, investors, initial Lido developers, founders, future employees, validators, and signature holders.

Innovation: How LDO TOKEN innovates or improves upon existing solutions.

It allows holders to vote on protocol parameters, manage the DAO treasury, and propose updates to the protocol. Lido's liquid staking solution enhances liquidity by converting staked assets into liquid tokens, offering flexibility and accessibility to users without minimum deposits.

LDO TOKEN Roadmap: Development milestones, past achievements, and future goals.

The Lido DAO (LDO) has undergone significant developments and proposals to enhance its token economics and governance.

Key points from the sources include:

Token Economics Proposal: There is a call to improve LDO token economics to reduce sell pressure and increase community engagement

Lido Protocol: Lido addresses staking liquidity issues and offers wstETH, a wrapped version of stETH, to maintain a constant balance

Governance and Proposals: The Lido DAO executes upgrades on-chain, with proposals like Lido Improvement Proposals (LIPs) and discussions on a dual governance model.

Community Building: Concerns have been raised about the need for organic community growth rather than incentivizing community engagement through token payments.

Price Predictions: Analysts forecast potential price surges for Lido DAO, with projections of reaching $22 if key levels are surpassed

The roadmap reflects a commitment to continuous improvement and innovation within the Lido ecosystem.

4. Market Analysis of LDO TOKEN Target: Size, demographics, and behavior of the potential market.

The market analysis of the Lido DAO (LDO) token reveals key insights into its potential market size, demographics, and behavior. LDO is an ERC20 token granting governance rights within the Lido DAO ecosystem. With a circulating supply of 891,685,182 tokens and a maximum supply of 1 billion tokens, LDO operates as a governance token for users of the staking platform, enabling voting on fees, blockchain integrations, and treasury management.In terms of market behavior, LDO's price has shown volatility, influenced by factors like market trends, news, technical and fundamental analysis, and expert opinions. Analysts predict varying price trajectories for LDO, with estimates ranging from $4.82 in 2025 to over $31.78 by 2030, emphasizing the highly volatile nature of cryptocurrency markets and the importance of conducting thorough research before investing. Demographically, the LDO market is characterized by a concentration of power, where the top 100 wallets control approximately 95% of LDO tokens, posing a risk to the protocol and the Ethereum ecosystem. Governance decisions are influenced by a small number of wallets.

Competitive Landscape: Analysis of competitors and LDO TOKEN position in the market.

Regarding competitors and LDO's market position, Lido's dominance in TVL, active users, and staking market share, coupled with its innovative features like liquid staking, positions it as a strong player in the DeFi sector, outpacing competitors and attracting significant attention and investment

Market Trends: Current and anticipated trends that could affect LDO TOKEN 

Current trends and future predictions for Lido DAO Token (LDO) suggest a mix of volatility and potential growth.

The token has experienced fluctuations, with historical data showing significant price rallies and drops. Analysts predict a positive outlook for LDO, with projections indicating potential growth in the coming years. Factors like market demand, user adoption, and competition influence LDO's value. The token's price is expected to increase, with forecasts ranging from $9.25 by 2024 to $41.524 by 2030. By 2050, LDO could potentially reach $220, representing a substantial increase from its current value.

5. Team and Advisors

Backgrounds: Experience and expertise of LDO TOKEN founding team and key members*.

The LDO TOKEN founding team and key members likely possess diverse backgrounds and expertise based on the search results provided. The team may consist of individuals with experience in various fields such as finance, technology, and investment management. 

The LDO Token founding team and key members possess significant experience and expertise in the crypto industry. The Lido DAO was launched with 1 billion LDO tokens, with founding members holding 64% of the tokens, locked for a year and vested over another year. Notable members include CryptoCobain, a prominent figure on Twitter, banteg from, and ParaFi Capital, an investment firm focused on blockchain and DeFi markets These key individuals contribute to the governance and development of the Lido platform, ensuring its growth and success. 

LDO TOKEN Advisory Board: Influence and contribution of the advisors

The LDO TOKEN Advisory Board plays a crucial role in influencing and contributing to the governance and strategic direction of Lido DAO. Advisors with diverse expertise can provide valuable insights, enhance credibility, and facilitate strategic partnerships for the organization. They offer strategic planning support, decision-making guidance, and help identify risks and opportunities, aiding in effective market expansion and product development.

LDO TOKEN Team Structure: Effectiveness of the team's organization and communication.

The LDO token team structure appears to be a mix of traditional hierarchy and team-based system, with a focus on cross-departmental collaboration and open communication. The team is composed of members with complementary knowledge and abilities, working towards the common goal of decentralization and TVL.

LDO TOKEN effectiveness of the team's organization and communication

The Lido DAO team's organization and communication effectiveness regarding the LDO token can be analyzed through several sources. The team has been criticized for not prioritizing the purpose of the LDO token, focusing mainly on decentralization and TVL.

However, they are actively seeking talented people to join the DAO and contribute, indicating a willingness to improve. The team has also been exploring ways to minimize governance risks while ensuring adaptivity, which is crucial for the system's function.

6. LDO TOKEN Tokenomics and Financials

LDO TOKEN Utility: The purpose and use cases for LDO token.

LDO TOKEN Tokenomics and Financials

Lido DAO Token (LDO) is the native governance token for the Lido liquid staking ecosystem, representing the blockchain's native currency or monetary fee.  It has a fixed supply and is used for governance and executing transactions on the network.. Lido Finance is a decentralized application that allows users to stake and earn yield while staying liquid, with no minimum staking amount required. Lido DAO is a community that builds liquid staking services and governs the direction of Lido. However, there have been concerns about the perceived barrier for newer members to join the DAO and feel like they are getting fairly compensated, as well as the potential for early members to sell a large portion of their tokens, which could negatively impact the price.

Its utility lies in various functions within the Lido ecosystem, such as proposing and updating protocol parameters, assigning node operators, managing funds, and facilitating staking rewards. Additionally, LDO holders can participate in governance decisions, including approving incentives for contributors and implementing updates using DAO funds.

The purpose and use cases for LDO token.

The LDO token is used to vote on protocol parameters and govern the Lido DAO treasury LDO token holders can propose and vote on changes to the platform, with each token representing one voting right.

LDO TOKEN Distribution: Allocation of tokens (e.g., team, advisors, public sale).

The Lido DAO governance token (LDO) was launched with 1 billion tokens, of which 64% were initially held by founding members, locked for 1 year and then vested over 1 year. The allocation of LDO tokens is as follows: DAO treasury - 36.32%, investors - 22.18%, validators and signature holders - 6.5%, initial Lido developers - 20%, and founders and future employees - 15%. There is no concrete emission/release schedule for LDO tokens residing in the treasury fund, and all distributions will be discussed transparently with the community beforehand LDO is used for governance purposes but cannot move for one year from December 2020.

LDO TOKEN Financial Model: Revenue streams, cost structure, and profitability projections.

The LDO token's value is subject to market dynamics and the performance of the Lido Finance platform. While it is difficult to predict the exact value of LDO in the future, market experts expect its price to rise due to increased demand and the growing utility of the token.

Lido Finance's focus on decentralization, inclusion, and liquid staking services positions it as a promising player in the cryptocurrency market, potentially driving the value of the LDO token higher over time.

Revenue streams, cost structure, and profitability projections:

Lido Finance's LDO token generates revenue primarily through fees, resulting in an annualized revenue of $130.53 million. The fees, which total $107.29 million over 30 days, are derived from staking activities. With a cost structure of $5.36 million over 30 days, the platform achieves earnings of $5.36 million, demonstrating a positive earnings trend with a 113% increase over 30 days. The Price-to-Earnings (P/E) ratio of 1.9x for fully diluted market cap and 1.7x for circulating market cap further highlights the platform's profitability. Lido Finance also maintains a treasury of $410.10 million, with a net treasury increase of $136.30 million over 30 days. These figures suggest a robust revenue model, a well-managed cost structure, and a promising outlook for Lido Finance and its LDO token.

LDO TOKEN funding History: Previous funding rounds, investors, and current valuation.

Lido Finance, a liquid staking protocol, has raised $145 million from investors such as Aegis Ventures (Crypto), Andreessen Horowitz, Cherry Crypto, Chorus One, and Cyberight Capital. The platform supports staking for various cryptocurrencies, including Ethereum (ETH), Solana (SOL), Kusama (KSM), Polkadot (DOT), and Polygon (MATIC). Lido Finance's revenue model is based on fees, with an annualized revenue of $130.53 million, derived from staking activities. The cost structure includes expenses of $5.36 million over 30 days, leading to earnings of $5.36 million, demonstrating a positive earnings trend with a 113% increase over 30 days. The platform's profitability is further evidenced by a Price-to-Earnings (P/E) ratio of 1.9x for fully diluted market cap and 1.7x for circulating market cap. Additionally, the platform maintains a treasury of $410.10 million, with a net treasury of $136.30 million over 30 days. The LDO token, used for governance within the Lido DAO, is traded on several exchanges and has experienced significant price increases, with predictions of reaching $10.01 by 2025 and $24.00 by 2030.

7. LDO TOKEN Community and Ecosystem

Community Engagement: Size, growth, and engagement levels of the community.

The Lido (LDO) token community and ecosystem are vibrant and engaging. Lido, established in 2020, focuses on liquid staking, offering enhanced liquidity and accessibility to staked assets on various Proof of Stake blockchains like Ethereum and Polygon. LDO serves as the governance token, empowering holders to actively participate in protocol decisions and governance, making it a community-driven endeavor, Lido's DAO framework grants LDO holders voting power, ensuring active participation in protocol decisions and rewarding stakers with LDO tokens. The capped maximum token supply at 1 billion maintains scarcity, while collaborations and community engagement initiatives strengthen the Lido ecosystem.

Partnerships: Strategic alliances and partnerships.

The Lido DAO is considering allocating 10% of its LDO token supply to key partners such as Paradigm to strengthen its presence in the DeFi landscape and provide strategic guidance for development. Furthermore, Lido has established partnerships with Ramses Exchange on Arbitrum to boost liquidity on Mantle and Linea, introducing incentives like partner veNFTs and collaborative marketing initiatives. These partnerships are geared towards increasing liquidity, APR for depositors, and trading volumes on these platforms. Lido's ecosystem demonstrates extensive integration with a variety of wallets, blockchains, DeFi protocols, and platforms, underscoring its robust network.

Network Effects: The project's strategy for achieving and benefiting from network effects.

Curve's strategy for leveraging and capitalizing on network effects involves motivating liquidity providers by distributing the CRV token. Liquidity providers receive rewards in the form of trading fees and potential interest from lending protocols, earning 50% of all trading fees and the native CRV token for their contribution. By attracting liquidity providers and offering competitive fees with minimal slippage, Curve promotes user engagement and liquidity provision, thereby improving the platform's efficiency and appeal. The introduction of veCRV tokens, obtained by locking up CRV tokens, empowers holders with governance rights, a portion of trading fees, and heightened rewards for liquidity provision and voting on gauge rewards. This holistic approach harmonizes incentives, fosters active participation, and optimizes liquidity provision within the Curve ecosystem, ultimately fueling network effects and platform expansion.

8. LDO TOKEN Risks and Challenges

Market Risks: 

Exposure to market volatility and competitive threats.

Investing in LDO carries various risks, including market volatility, regulatory uncertainties, project-specific issues, liquidity constraints, and potential financial loss from holding or staking LDO. 

Smart contract vulnerabilities, regulatory uncertainty, lack of standardization, and market volatility are potential pitfalls in the broader context of tokenization on the Ethereum blockchain.

Lido DAO smart contracts, while reviewed by leading third-party auditors, still face risks of bugs and hacks, and the protocol's success relies on the collective decisions of the LDO community.

To mitigate risks, investors should conduct thorough research, assess their risk tolerance, and seek professional advice before making any investment decisions.

Understanding the specific risks and benefits of Lido DAO is crucial for making informed choices.

LDO TOKEN Technical Risks: Potential technical hurdles in development or deployment.

The development and deployment of LDO token, like any other blockchain project, faces several technical hurdles. These challenges include regulatory compliance, security, and interoperability.

The regulatory landscape for digital assets is still evolving, and ensuring compliance with various jurisdictions' laws and regulations can be complex and time-consuming.

Security is another critical concern, with the need for robust smart contract programming, thorough auditing, and secure multi-signature wallets to prevent potential vulnerabilities and attacked.

Interoperability is also essential, as organizations need to ensure seamless integration of tokens within their products and services, as well as compatibility with different blockchain networks and infrastructure providers.

LDO TOKEN Regulatory Risks: Legal challenges that could impact the project's viability.

The Lido DAO (LDO) token faces regulatory risks, particularly legal challenges that could impact its viability. A class-action lawsuit alleges that LDO is an unregistered security, with the plaintiff contending that Lido DAO's governance structure and token sales resemble a general partnership.

This lawsuit highlights the evolving dynamics of token sales, governance structures, and investor protection in the DeFi space, as regulatory bodies grapple with defining the regulatory framework for digital assets.

LDO TOKEN Other Risks: Any other potential risks not covered above.

In addition to the smart contract risks and Beacon chain technical risks mentioned in the search results, there are other potential risks associated with LDO tokens. One such risk is the possibility of centralization, where Lido's market share could become so large that it becomes vulnerable to governance attacks or censorship. This could lead to a situation where a small group of addresses holds significant governance power, potentially posing a centralization risk to Ethereum if Lido establishes a dominant share of staked ETH.

9. LDO TOKEN SWOT Analysis

Strengths: Internal factors that give the project an advantage.

LDO Token SWOT Analysis:Strengths:

  • Strong community spirit.
  • Transparent and secure platform.
  • Experienced team with a clear vision.
  • Active development and updates.
  • Collaborations and partnerships.


  1. Limited brand awareness.
  1. Dependence on market conditions.
  1. Limited adoption in certain regions.

Potential regulatory challenges


  • Expanding user base.
  • Integration with other platforms and services.
  • Emerging markets and regulations.
  • Partnerships and collaborations.
  • Technological advancements.


Competition from similar projects.

Regulatory uncertainty.

Security vulnerabilities.

Market volatility.

Technological changes.

LDO TOKEN weaknesses: Internal limitations or areas for improvement.

The weaknesses of the LDO token primarily revolve around its lack of utility beyond governance, leading to a decline in interest and value. 

The token's significant sell pressure due to constant emissions without a compelling reason to hold it, other than for voting in the DAO, is a key internal limitation.

This issue is exacerbated by the absence of additional features like staking or locking to earn rewards, reducing the incentive for users to retain LDO token.

LDO TOKEN Opportunities: External factors that the project could exploit to its advantage.

One external factor that Lido can exploit is the increasing popularity of stETH as a DeFi primitive. The growing use of stETH in lending and borrowing activities can attract more users to Lido, further solidifying its dominance in the liquid staking market.Another opportunity is the ongoing shift towards Proof-of-Stake (PoS) consensus mechanisms in the blockchain industry.

As more blockchain networks adopt PoS, Lido can expand its services beyond Ethereum and offer liquid staking solutions for other PoS networks. This can help Lido tap into new markets and diversify its revenue streams.

LDO TOKEN threats: External challenges that could pose risks to the project.

The Lido DAO project has been successful, but it has faced external challenges that could pose risks to the project. The most significant risk is the potential centralization threat due to Lido Finance accounting for about a third of all staked Ethereum (ETH) . This significant portion of the stake worries a part of the crypto community, who view it as an attack on Ethereum’s decentralization. 

10. How LDO TOKEN works with 

Possible collateral type: 

The Standard protocol allows users to leverage LDO TOKEN as collateral to secure loans in EUROs and, in the near future, USDs, without any interest charges.

This non-custodial system ensures a secure and user-controlled experience.

11. LDO TOKEN Conclusion and viability score:

Final assessment:

The recent performance of the LDO token has seen a notable decline of 17.13% over the past week. Community discussions are actively exploring avenues to enhance its utility and value, including proposals to transform it into a gas token or a dog coin. The Lido DAO Research Grant report recommends the implementation of Option Two, which involves creating a smart contract interface to integrate the LDO token with Tally's interface, aiming to boost voter engagement and decision-making quality within the Lido DAO.

Currently, the LDO token's functionality is primarily centered around governance, drawing criticism for its limited utility beyond this scope. To address this concern, the community is seeking ways to broaden its utility and increase its overall value, with considerations such as repositioning it as a gas token or a dog coin. The Lido DAO Research Grant report underscores the importance of Option Two in enhancing participation and decision quality within the Lido DAO.

In summary, the LDO token's recent performance decline and its restricted utility beyond governance have raised concerns. However, ongoing community dialogues and the recommendations outlined in the Lido DAO Research Grant report offer promising avenues for enhancing the token's utility and value. With a viability score of 6/10, there is acknowledgment of areas for improvement alongside potential for growth in the future.


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